The benefit of preventive oral health care

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The benefit of preventive oral health care
Mar 23, 2020


The most common diseases in the oral cavity are the tooth decay and gingivitis (which may progress into periodontitis). In dentistry and dental science, we are lucky to know the etiology and causes of these diseases: it is the DENTAL PLAQUE.

Dental plaque (a biofilm) is a soft, sticky film consisting of bacteria and food particles, that adheres to teeth and gums during the day. Although the biofilm is soft, it is very resistant - the bacteria form a solid and functionally organized structure. The hard shield of biofilm is therefore resistant for the majority of common mouthwashes. Moreover, this structure provides bacteria with thriving environment. Fortunately, it can be effectively removed by mechanic movement with a tooth brush, especially if the bristles of the toothbrush are soft and fine, not hard; otherwise you could harm your teeth and gums irreversibly.

The dental plaque covers all the surfaces in the mouth. Therefore, when brushing teeth, we must not forget about every curve, groove and fissure or any other places of teeth or adjacent gums, even if hardly accessible. The perfect dental hygiene can be achieved only by mutual use of all available mechanical instruments such as standard tooth brush, interdental brushes and so-called “solo” tooth brush.

To maintain your oral health in good shape, it is recommended to clean your teeth at least twice a day (for patients with fixed braces – once after every meal), and from time to time, undergo a professional dental hygiene procedure to get rid of thickened, coarse dental plaque also called dental tartar or dental pigment.

The frequency of undergoing a dental hygiene procedure is individual and depends upon the patients’ overall periodontal status and illness. It varies from twice a year for a healthy patient to once every few weeks / months for patients with periodontitis or prosthetic work (bridges, implants).

We can come to conclusion that decays and gingivitis do not form in clean and healthy environment.

A visit at a dentist should therefore be first and foremost preventive, in the time when there is no pain (we can compare it to a one year“car service”). The pain usually starts to signal more progressed condition, when the tooth decay is deep and starts to irritate the nerve inside. Once this occurs, the potential treatment may require longer, more complicated and more expensive treatment with a decrease of the tooth prognosis and its biological factor for the future.

MDDr. Magdaléna Čiefová, dentist

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