Dental hygiene is an important part of oral health care. During, the procedure, dental plaque, pigments and tartar are removed.
Dental plaque is a layer made up of bacteria and "leftovers" of food. It is most often present in places difficult to access with dental brush, close dental cervices, or in the interdental space. If not removed regularly, it causes gingivitis and can cause tooth decay.
Tartar is mineralised plaque. It is formed by its insufficient removal. Saliva minerals are built into the plaque, it hardens and turns into tartar. Than it can no longer be removed with a toothbrush. It irritates the gums, causes inflammation, hypersensitivity, bleeding, and it can lead to more serious diseases, such as periodontitis. With regular tartar removal, the gums are kept healthy.
Pigments from colored drinks and food are captured in microscopic holes and cuts in tooth surface, thus changing the color of the tooth. Finer pigments can also be removed with a toothbrush, the deeper ones only with professional dental hygiene. After removing, teeth are naturally brighter and whiter.
HOW DENTAL HYGIENE IS CARRIED OUT
W follow the latest recommendations of Guided Biofilm Therapy. Hygiene is simplified in these following steps:
1. Diagnostics of the patient
- by approaching each patient individually, based on the condition of his oral cavity as well as his needs, we setup individual dental hygiene plan.
2. Colouring of plaque
- before the actual cleaning of the teeth, a special dye is used to color the plaque and tartar. This will highlight areas that are not sufficiently cleaned.
3. Motivation of potivation
- a visible plaque and tartar are shown to the patient. The patient is motivated and instructed with the correct brushing technique, and necesity of using interdental brush.
4. Sandblasting (Air-Flow)
- with special fine powder under a stream of water, the teeth are thoroughly cleaned of dental plaque, pigments, as well as soft parts of tartar.
5. Ultrasonic cleaning
- First, visible tartar is removed by ultrasound. Often the tartar is present subgingivally. This type of tartar is much more dangerous and is removed by curettes. Also, any supragingival tartar remains are removed with curettes and scrapers. If gingivitis is present, the gums are rinsed with antiseptic Liquid using a syringe with a thin cannula.
6. Check post dental hygiene
- when dental hygiene is completed, the oral cavity is checked, interdental spaces are measured and the appropriate size of the interdental brush is selected.
- according to individual needs of each patient and based on the initial diagnosis, the patient has scheduled dental hygiene in different time intervals.
Professional dental hygiene, combined with accurate home oral hygiene, reduces the chance of caries and helps to maintain healthy gums. Prevention is always better than the treatment.
MDDr. Silvia Holá, dentist